Great Black Men in HistoryStaying informed is half the battle...


John A. Lankford
John A. Lankford


Share



John Anderson Lankford has the distinction of being the first African-American architect in the United States with an established architectural office He was also an attorney, blacksmith, real estate broker, professor, and author John Anderson Lankford was born on December 4, 1874, on his parents’ farm in Potosi, Missouri, one of eleven children of former slaves Philip Anderson Lankford and Nancy Ella Johnson Lankford Mr Lankford’s paternal grandfather was Rev Philip Andrew Lankford (b 1813, Caucasian) ; his paternal line can be traced back to the 1600s in France and to 1645 in Albemarle County, Virginia Of John Anderson Lankford’s ten full siblings and three half-siblings, the lines of descent for six may never be known since some were slaves born prior to the end of the Civil War After attending public schools in Potosi, Lankford worked in Crystal City, Missouri, in a plate glass factory Following this, from 1889 to 1896, he attended Lincoln Institute (now Lincoln University) in Jefferson City, Missouri It is reported that in order to get enough money to travel from Crystal City to Jefferson City, he met a porter who took him to St Louis and on to Jefferson City, where he took classes and worked as a janitor to earn money for his books.

He also worked at the Plymouth Rock Pants Company in order to earn money for his clothes and at a steam laundry in order to get his laundry cleaned Lankford was invited by Booker T Washington (via letters sent to numerous promising African-Americans of the day) to attend Tuskegee Institute in Alabama First, between his time at Lincoln and Tuskegee, he worked in a blacksmith shop in St Louis To pay his board at Tuskegee, where he took chemistry and physics classes between 1896 and 1898, Lankford not only worked in the foundry and steam fitting department, but also as in amateur photographer Mr Lankford received a BS from Shaw University in Raleigh, NC (1898), where he later taught (1900-02).

Here he met his wife, Charlotte Josephine Turner Upshaw (1876-1973), who was the granddaughter of the famous religious leader and political activist Bishop Henry McNeal Turner (1834-1915) Following his time at Shaw, Lankford received several Masters Degrees, a law degree, and, later in life, numerous honorary degrees Professor Lankford came to Washington, DC in July 1902 with a commission in hand to design and supervise the construction of a new hall for the Grand United Order of the True Reformers True Reformers Hall was a stately, five-story brick building notable for its arched, 18-foot windows and ornamental frieze The building was considered remarkable because it was financed, designed, and built entirely by African-Americans True Reformers Building, 1200 “U” Street NW, Washington, DC The newly renovated 1903 structure, now a state-of-art office complex and home to the Public Welfare Foundation, contains a modern, two-story auditorium appropriately called, The John Anderson Lankford Auditorium The building housed stores as well as the offices of physicians, lawyers, and newspaper bureaus In addition, the building served as the headquarters for the First Separate Battalion, Washington's black national guard unit, and a dance hall where Duke Ellington played his first gig for 75 cents.

The First Presbyterian Church of Potosi, Missouri (1909), which is still in active use almost 100 years later Lankford designed and constructed numerous churches still standing today throughout the United States and as far away as Capetown, South Africa, but it is evident that he had a great fondness for this, his first church design In his 1916 book, Lankford said, “This edifice is an English Gothic, classical structure, solid stone; the plans were procured by us, by winning a competitive context against ten white architects whose offices were located in different sections of the United States The committee for the church awarded us for our architectural services first prize Cost of the church thirty-five thousand dollars; committee and entire congregation are white” (Photo credit: Esther Carroll) During John Anderson Lankford’s lifetime, he served on numerous professional and civic organizations In his later years, he helped establish the School of Architecture at Howard University, and during WWII, he was the supervising architect at the Washington Naval Yard John Anderson Lankford passed away July 2, 1946 .



 
Negro History Lost, Stolen or Strayed- Great documentary
A very interesting documentary about Black History from the era of the 60's. Did you know that the first open-heart surgery was performed by a black doctor, ...
Watch Video
Black African American Farmers History in America A Legacy of Landownership
No Description Available
Watch Video
Henry Louis Gates: Genealogy and African American History
Author, documentarian and Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr gives a stirring address on race in the United States with a look at the genealogy and gene...
Watch Video
The History of Slavery In America (FULL)
Slavery in the United States began soon after English colonists first settled Virginia in 1607 and lasted as a legal institution until the passage of the Thi...
Watch Video
Colored People: A Memoir - Henry Louis Gates, Jr. on African-American History (1994)
Colored is a term used in the United States to refer to black people (i.e., persons of sub-Saharan African ancestry; members of the black race). Since the su...
Watch Video
A Visual Timeline of African American History
The songs used for this video are "Piano & I" by Alicia Keys, the intro to her awesome debut album "Songs in A Minor" (2001); the other song is "Uncloudy Day...
Watch Video
2014 NASA African-American History Month Profile: Kelvin Manning, Kennedy Space Center
Kelvin Manning serves as associate director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Manning is responsible for the oversight of Kennedy's institutional bu...
Watch Video
Thirty Years a Slave - FULL Audio Book - by Louis Hughes - African-American History
Thirty Years a Slave - FULL Audio Book - by Louis Hughes - U.S. History - African-American Literature - Non-Fiction - Louis Hugues was born into slavery near...
Watch Video
Lecture 1 | African-American History (Stanford)
Lecture 1 of Clay Carson's Introduction to African-American History Course (HIST 166) concentrating on the Modern Freedom Struggle (Fall 2007). Topics in thi...
Watch Video
The History of African American Education by Rebekah Grayson
www.twitter.com/RebekahGr www.facebook.com/rebekah.grayson1 This is a video I did for my American Education class. The topic of this video is "The History of...
Watch Video
Will The Ferguson Resistence Fade into African American History?
Adolph Reed, Jr. on the Ferguson rebellion and historical relevance.
Watch Video
Champions of Change: African American History Month STEM Leaders
The White House honors teachers, entrepreneurs, and leaders who are implementing programs and educational resources and breaking ground on new projects to in...
Watch Video
2014 NASA African-American History Month Profile: Adrianne Ragan, Stennis Space Center
Adrianne Ragan is a Contract Specialist with the NASA Office of Procurement at NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center. She has been recognized by NASA's Space F...
Watch Video
Rollins College Students Learn About the History of the African American Community of Winter Park
As part of the "Be a Part from the Start" initiative led by the Office of Community Engagement at Rollins College, first-year students journeyed to The Herit...
Watch Video
African American History: Joel Freeman 1/3
Joel Freeman Author of a host of books including "God is Not Fair", "Living with Your Conscience without Going Crazy", and "If Nobody Loves You, Create the D...
Watch Video
NASA African-American History Month Profile - Darrius Lewis
Darrius Lewis is an Emergency Preparedness Officer and Continuity of Operations Program Manager at NASA Headquarters. He is responsible for overseeing the Co...
Watch Video
2014 NASA African-American History Month Profile: Bill Allen, JPL
William C. Allen Jr. is a Senior Mechanical Design Engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Allen, who has worked at JPL for thi...
Watch Video
African-American History Month - Robert Stanton Reflects
Robert Stanton - the first African American Director of the National Park Service (1997-2001) reflects on his remarkable career.
Watch Video
Smithsonians African-American History Museum an Opportunity for Understanding
Ground was broken Wednesday on the National Mall for the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture, set to open in 2015. Jeffrey ...
Watch Video
Short History of Racism in the USA (African American)
a too short and simple historical review of African American oppression by the US system. When will stupidity end?
Watch Video
Mad Tv - Flavor Flav in African-American history
Rapper Flavor Flav (Jordan Peele) recounts skewed versions of famous moments in African-American history, to the chagrin of Sidney Poitier (Keegan-Michael Ke...
Watch Video
African American History For Kids, Famous African American
African American History For Kids, Black Kid Photos, http://www.scoresofemotion.com Black Kid Pictures, Black Kid Images - Because of Them, We can The images...
Watch Video
Kitty Oliver on African American history and Ft. Lauderdale Centennial
Interview on African American history and contributions to Fort Lauderdale and Trailblazers community oral history project.
Watch Video
African American History Month
No Description Available
Watch Video
NASA African-American History Month Profile- James Fraction
James Fraction is an electrical engineer at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center who is working on the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission. The Magnetospheri...
Watch Video





More Video